The Messianic Secret of Hasidism,

Published byBrill Academic Publishers, Leiden 2006.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Primary Sources

The primary sources are in Hebrew except for two English sources that are independently listed. They are generally cited to the first printed version. Where I could not do so, publication details are listed for the edition I used, and information related to the first printed is set forth in square brackets. When an English translation exists, its details are specified independently.

The primary sources are arranged by title in English alphabetical order as translated. The translation name is followed by a transliterated Hebrew in square brackets, the author’s name, and publication data.

The Sources cited in the text Hebrew text of the book were quoted verbatim, including erroneous spelling and printers’ errors. Where the errors interfered with understanding, I added the correct spelling in square brackets. I likewise added, in square brackets, explanations of the abbreviations used in the sources and of difficult terminology, ambiguous antecedents, and Aramaic terms. The translations in the present edition have been done on the basis of these explanations and clarifications, which are made explicit only where necessary for the argument. In the translation, as in the original, emphasis in quotations is my own, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Abraham’s Swiftness [Zerizuta de-Avraham], Abraham Noah ha-Levi Heller, Lvov 5660 (1900).

Alphabet, Enlightening Letters [Alfa Beta Otiyot Mahkimot] (printed from a ms. in the possession of Zevi Hirsch of Nadvorno), Berdichev 5577 (1817) [Breznits 5556 (1796)].

Alphabet, Enlightening Letters [Alfa Beta Otiyot Mahkimot], In Testament of R. Israel Ba`al Shem [Zava`at ha-Ribash], publication place lacking, 5554 (1794).

Banner of Ephraim’s Encampment [Degel Mahaneh Efrayim], Ephraim of Sidlikov, Yuzepov 5643 (1883) [publication place lacking, apparently 5568 (1808)].

Beginning of Wisdom, complete edition[Reshit Hokhmah ha-Shalem], Elijah de Vidash, ed. and readied for printing by Hayyim Joseph Waldman, Jerusalem 5744 (1984) [Venice 5339 (1579)].

Benjamin’s Portion [Helqat Binyamin], Benjamin of Zalozhtsy, Lvov 5554 (1794).

Benjamin’s Sack [Amtahat Binyamin], Benjamin of Zalozhtsy, Minkvits 5556 (1796).

Besht’s Epistle to R. Gershon of Kutov [ Iggeret ha-Besht le-Rabbi Gershon mi-Qutov],In Joseph is a Fruitful Son [Ben Porat Yosef ], Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye, Korets 5541 (1781), 100a-b.

Besht’s Epistle to R. Gershon of Kutov [Iggeret ha-Besht le-Rabbi Gershon mi-Qutov], In R. Israel Ba`al Shem Tov (Besht): His Life, Doctrine, and Activity [R.Yisra’el Ba`al Shem Tov (Besht): Hayyav, Shitato, u-Pe`ulato], Abraham Kahana, Zhitomir 5661 (1900), 100-102.

Besht’s Epistle to R. Gershon of Kutov [Iggeret ha-Besht le-Rabbi Gershon mi-Qutov], from Ms. Jerusalem 8 5979. In In Praise of the Besht [Shivhei ha-Besht], ms. facsimile, Joshua Mondschein, Jerusalem 5742 (1982), 229-239.

Biography of Jacob Joseph [Toledot Ya`aqov Yosef ], Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye, Warsaw 5641 (1881) [Korets 5540 (1780)].

Book of Brightness [Sefer ha-Bahir], ed. Reuben Margaliot, Jerusalem 5711 (1951) [Amsterdam 5411 (1651)]. 

Book of Brightness [The Bahir], trans. and commentary by Aryeh Kaplan,New Jersey 1995. (English)

Book of Creation, with a Commentary by R. Saadiah Gaon [Sefer Yezira im Peirush ha-Gaon Rabbenu Sa`adyah], trans. and commentary by Joseph Kapah, Jerusalem 5732 (1972).

Book of Creation, With the Commentary “Secret Rose” [Sefer Yezira im Peirush Shoshan Sodot], Korets 5539 (1779).

Book of Creation [Sefer Yezira], trans. and commentary by A. Peter Hayman, Tübingen 2004. (English)

Book of Kanah [Sefer ha- Kanah], Korets 5542 (1782); Korets 5544 (1784); Parichi 5546 (1786); Jerusalem 5758 (1998).

Book of the God-Fearing [Sefer Haredim], Elazar Azkari, Venice 5361 (1601).

Book of the Magnificent [Sefer ha-Mefo’ar], Solomon Molkho, Salonika 5289 (1529).

Book of Visions [Sefer ha-Hezyonot], Hayyim Vital, ed. Aaron Ze’ev Eshkoli, Jerusalem 5714 (1954) [Jerusalem 5626 (1866)].

Book of Reincarnations [Sefer ha-Gilgulim], Hayyim Vital, Frankfort 5444 (1684); Zolkow 5532 (1772); Zolkow 5534 (1774).

Booklet of the Holy [Mahberet ha-Qodesh], Hayyim Vital, Korets 5543 (1783).

Bud and Flower [Kaftor va-Ferah], Estori ha-Parhi, Berlin 5611 (1851) [Venice 5309 (1549)].

Census of the Jews of the Land of Israel [Mifqad Yehudei Eretz Yisra’el] (5599-1839) (per Ms. Montefiore 528), introduction by Hadassah Asulin, ed. Zevi Baras, Jerusalem 5747 (1987).

Commentary on the Torah [Peirush al ha-Torah], Don Isaac Abarbanel, Jerusalem 5724 (1964).

Covenant of Eternal Priesthood [Berit Kehunat Olam], Isaac Eisik ha-Kohen of Korets, Lemberg 5608 (1848) [Lvov 5556 (1796)].

Duties of the Heart [Hovot ha-Levavot], Bahya ibn Pequda, Vilnius 5673 (1913).

The Duties of the Heart[Hovot ha-Levavot], trans. and commentary by Yaakov Feldman, New Jersey 1996. (English)

Entry to the Gates [Mevo She`arim], Hayyim Vital, Korets 5543 (1783).

Epistle of Solomon ha-Levi Elqabetz[Iggeret Shelomo ha-Levi Elqabetz], In The Preacher of Righteousness [Maggid Mesharim], Joseph Karo, ed. Aaron Sursky, Jerusalem 5720 (1960), 18-20.

Epistle of Solomon ha-Levi Elqabetz[Iggeret Shelomo ha-Levi Elqabetz], In Louis Jacobs, Jewish Mystical Testimonies, New York 1976, pp. 99-104. (English) 

Fruit of A Tree [Peri Ez], Menahem Mendel of Vitebsk, Zhitomir 5634 (1874).

Fruit of the Land [Peri ha-Aretz], Menahem Mendel, Kapost 5574 (1814); Jerusalem 5749 (1989).

Fruit of the Tree of Life [Peri EzHayyim], Hayyim Vital, Korets 5542 (1782); Korets 5545 (1785); Korets 5546 (1786); Ostrog 5554 (1794).

Gate of Kavvanot [Sha`ar ha-Kavvanot], Hayyim Vital, In Collected Writings of the Ari, may his memory be for a blessing [Kol Kitvei ha-Ari z.l. ], vols. 8-9, Jerusalem 5748 (1988) [Salonika 5612 (1852)].

Gate of Prayer [Sha`ar ha-Tefillah], Hayyim Tirrer, Sidilkov 5585 (1825).

Gate of Recompense [Sha`ar ha-Gemul], Moses Nahmanides (Ramban), ed. David Aaron Sofer, Jerusalem 5758 (1998).

Gate of the Holy Spirit [Sha`ar Ruah ha-Qodesh], Hayyim Vital, In Collected Writings of the Ari, may his memory be for a blessing [Kol Kitvei ha-Ari z.l], vol. 10, Jerusalem 5748 (1988) [Jerusalem 5623 (1863)].

Gates of Holiness [Sha`arei Qedushah], Hayyim Vital, Istanbul 5494 (1734); Amsterdam 5505 (1745); Salzbach 5518 (1758); Zolkow 5540 (1780); Korets 5544 (1784); Benei-Beraq 5733 (1973).

Gleaned Statements [Liqqutei Amarim], vol. 2, arranged and ed. Benjamin Schmerler, Lemberg 5671 (1911) (printed from a ms. formerly in the possession of R. Menahem Mendel of Vitebsk).

Gleaned Statements: Tanya [Liqqutei Amarim Tanya], Shneur Zalman of Lyady, Brooklyn 5736 (1976) [Slovita 5556-5557 (1796-1797)].

Gleaned Statements: Tanya [Liqqutei Amarim Tanya], Shneur Zalman of Lyady, Brooklyn 1965-1972. (English)

Glory of Uziel, Called the Good Tree of Knowledge [Tif’eret Uziel ha-Niqra be-Shem Ez ha-Da`at Tov], Uziel Meizlish, Warsaw 5622 (1862).

Glory of Zevi Ze’ev [Tif’eret Zevi Ze’ev], Zevi Ze’ev of Zbarazh, Lemberg 5656 (1896).

Glory to the Upright [Pe’er la-Yesharim], Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem 5681 (1921).

Golden Doves [Torei Zahav ], Benjamin of Zalozhtsy, Mohluv 5576 (1816); new edition ed. Jonathan Ze’ev Landau, Jerusalem 5749 (1989).

Good Circle [Ma’agal Tov], Hayyim Joseph David Azulai, Jerusalem 5694 (1934).

Great Waters [Mayim Rabbim], Nathan Neta ha-Kohen of Kolbiel, Warsaw 5659 (1899).

He Imparts His Words to Jacob [Maggid Devarav le-Ya`aqov], Dov Ber of Mezhirichi, Korets 5541 (1781).

He Imparts His Words to Jacob [Maggid Devarav le-Ya`aqov], Dov Bear of Mezhirichi, critical edition with commentary, introduction and indices, Rivka Schatz-Uffenheimer, Jerusalem 5736 (1976) [Korets 5541 (1781)].

Herald of Righteousness [Mevasser Zedeq], Issakhar Ber of Zolochev, Berdichev 5577 (1817) [Dubno 5558 (1798)].

Hidden Light [Or ha-Ganuz], Judah Leib ha-Kohen of Annopol, Lemberg 5626 (1866).

Hidden Treasures of Ramhal [Ginzei Ramhal], Moses Hayyim Luzzatto, ed. Hayyim Friedlander, Benei-Beraq 5740 (1980).

Holy Writiings [Kitvei Qodesh], Warsaw 5644 (1884) [Lemberg 5622 (1862)] (printed from a ms. formerly in the possession of Israel of Kozienice).

Honest Words of Truth and Faith [Yosher Divrei Emet], Meshullam Feibush Heller, Munkacz 5665 (1905).

House of Aaron [Beit Aharon], Aaron of Karlin, Brody 5635 (1875).

Illumination of the Eye and Let the Heart Rejoice [Me’or Einayim im Yismah Lev], Menahem Nahum of Chernobyl, Jerusalem 5735 (1975) [Slovita 5558 (1798)].

In Memory of This [Zikhron Zot], Jacob Isaac ha-Levi Horowitz, Munkacz 5702 (1942) [Warsaw 5629 (1869)].

In Praise of R. Nahman [Shivhei ha-Ran], Nahman of Bratslav, Lvov 5624 (1864).

In Praise of the Besht [Shivhei ha-Besht], first edition, printed by Israel Yaffee, Kapost 5575 (1815). 

In Praise of the Besht Mintz: [Shivhei ha-Besht] with supp. and introduction by Benjamin Mintz, Tel-Aviv 5721 (1961).

In Praise of the Besht Mondschein: [Shivhei ha-Besht], ms. facsimile by Joshua Mondschein, Jerusalem 5742 (1982).

In praise of the Baal Shem Tov [Shivhei ha-Besht],trans. and ed. by Dan Ben-Amos and Jerome R. Mintz,New York 1984 [1970]. (English)

In Praise of the Besht Rubinstein: [Shivhei ha-Besht], an annotated and elucidated edition by Abraham Rubinstein, Jerusalem 5752 (1992).

Intense Loving [Ahavat Dodim], Benjamin of Zalozhtsy, Lemberg 5553 (1793).

Joseph is a Fruitful Son [Ben Porat Yosef], Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye, Korets 5541 (1781).

Kindness to Abraham [Hesed le-Avraham], Abraham Azulay, Jerusalem 5756 (1996) [Amsterdam 5445 (1685)].

Kindness to Abraham [Hesed le-Avraham], Abraham “the Angel,” b. Dov Ber of Mezhirichi, Jerusalem 5714 (1954) [Chernovtsy 5611 (1851)].

Knowledge of Moses [Da`at Moshe], Moses Elyakum Berieh, Lemberg 5639 (1879).

Life and Kindness [Hayyim va-Hesed], Hayyim Haika of Amdur, Warsaw 5651 (1891).

The Life of Solomon Maimon [Hayyei Shelomo Maimon], Solomon Maimon, with introduction by Fishel Lahover, Tel-Aviv 5713 (1953).

Light of Isaac [Or Yi zhaq], Isaac of Radvil, Jerusalem 5721 (1961).

Light of Torah [Or Torah], Korets 5564 (1804) (printed from a ms. in the possession of Isaiah of Dunayevtsy).

Light of Truth [Or ha-Emet], Husyotin 5659 (1899) (printed from a ms. in the possession of Zevi Hasid).

The Light That Illuminates [Or ha-Me’ir ], Ze’ev Wolf of Zhitomir, Korets 5558 (1798) (R 3204/2 in the Scholem Library).

Lights of the Holy [Orot ha-Qodesh], vol. 2, Abraham Isaac ha-Kohen Kook, Jerusalem 5724 (1964).

Lover of Israel, complete edition[Ohev Yisra’el ha-Shalem], Abraham Joshua Heschel of Opatow, Jerusalem 5748 (1988) [Zhitomir 5623 (1863)].

Maimonides' Book of the Commandments, with Nahmanides’ Comments [Sefer ha-Mizvot le-ha-Rambam im Hasagot ha-Ramban], with introduction, references, explanations, and indices by Hayyim Dov Chavel, Jerusalem 5741 (1981).

Mandrakes in the Field [Duda’im ba-Sadeh], Reuben ha-Levi Horowitz, Lemberg 5619 (1859).

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Shimon bar Yohai, ed. Jacob Nahum ha-Levi Epstein and Ezra Zion Melamed, Jerusalem 5715 (1955).

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Yishma’el, ed. Hayyim Saul Horowitz and Israel Abraham Rabin, Frankfort-am-Mein 5691 (1931).

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Yishma’el, trans. with introduction and notes by Jacob Z. Lauterbach, Philadelphia 2004. (English)

Midrash Exodus Rabbah [Shemot Rabbah], vol. 6, ed. Moses Aryeh Mirkin, Tel-Aviv 5720 (1960).

Midrash Exodus Rabbah [Shemot Rabbah], trans. by S.M. Lehrman, London 1961 [1939])

Midrash Genesis Rabbah [Bereshit Rabbah], vol. 2, ed. Moses Aryeh Mirkin, Tel-Aviv 5731 (1971).

Midrash Genesis Rabbah [Bereshit Rabbah], trans. by Lazarus Shapiro, New York 1906. (English) 

Midrash Genesis Rabbah [Bereshit Rabbah], vol. 3, ed. Moses Aryeh Mirkin, Tel-Aviv 5732 (1972).

Midrash Genesis Rabbah [Bereshit Rabbah], vol. 4, ed. Moses Aryeh Mirkin, Tel-Aviv 5732 (1972).

Midrash Numbers Rabbah [Be-Midbar Rabbah], vol. 10, ed. Moses Aryeh Mirkin, Tel-Aviv 5725 (1965).

Midrash Numbers Rabbah [Be-Midbar Rabbah], trans. by Judah J. Slotki, London 1961 [1939]. (English)

Midrash on Psalms Known as “He Who Awaits the Good” [Midrash Tehillim ha-Mekhuneh Shoher Tov], ed. Solomon Buber, Vilnius 1891.

Midrash on Psalms Known as “He Who Awaits the Good” [Midrash Tehillim ha-Mekhuneh Shoher Tov], trans. by William G. Braude, New Haven1959. (English)

Midrash Pesiqta of Rav Kahana [Pesiqta de-Rav Kahana], ed. Dov (Bernard) Mandelbaum, New York 5722 (1962).

Midrash Pesiqta of Rav Kahana [Pesiqta de-Rav Kahana], trans. by William G. Braude and Israel J. Kapstein, Philadelphia 1978 [1975]. (English)

Midrash Pesiqta Rabbati [Pesiqta Rabbati], ed. Me’ir Ish Shalom, Tel-Aviv 5723 (1963). Midrash Pesiqta Rabbati [Pesiqta Rabbati], trans.by William G.Braude,New Haven 1968. (English)

Midrash Pirqei de-Rabbi Eliezer, In Tanna de-Bei Eliyahu, Jerusalem 5738 (1978) Midrash Pirqei de-Rabbi Eliezer, In Tanna de-Bei Eliyahu, trans. by Gerald Friedlander, London 1981. (English) 

Midrash Sifri of the Academy of Rav for the Book of Numbers [Sifri de-Bei Rav, Be-Midbar], ed. Hayyim Saul Horowitz, Leipzig 5677 (1917).

Midrash Tanhuma, ed. Solomon Buber, New York 5706 (1946). 

Midrash Tanhuma-Yelammedenu, trans. by Samuel A. Berman, New Jersey 1996. (English)

Ms. Jerusalem 8 903, Hasidic Epistles from the Land of Israel[Iggerot Hasidim me-Eretz Yisra’el], (formerly in the possession of Moses b. Isaac Schulman).

Ms. Jerusalem 8 3282 (formerly in the possession of Samuel b. Hayyim Haika of Amdur).

Ms. Jerusalem 8 5198 (formerly in the possession of Jonah b. Menahem of Pintov), In Hasidism as Mysticism: Quietistic Elements in Eighteenth Century Hasidic Thought [Ha-Hasidut ke-Mistiqah: Yesodot Qevietistiyim be-Mahashavah ha-Hasidit ba-Me’ah ha-18], Rivka Schatz-Uffenheimer, Jerusalem 5748 (1988), 193-223.

Ms. Jerusalem (Rothschild) 8 5979.

My Dear Esterlein [Esterlein Yeqirati], Samuel Joseph Agnon, Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv 5743 (1983).

Nectar of the Fruit of the Tree of Life [Seraf Peri EzHayyim], Moses Shoham of Dolina, Chernovtsy 5626 (1866).

Orchard of Pomegranates [Pardes Rimmonim], Moses Cordovero, Salonika 5344 (1584); Krakow 5352 (1592); Korets 5540-5541 (1780-1781).

Order of the Generations, Revisededition[Seder ha-Dorot he-Hadash], Menahem Mendel Bodek, Russia-Poland 5610 (1850).

Order of the Joyful Heart [Seder Lev Sameiah], Hanokh Henikh, Lvov 5622 (1862).

Order of Prayer for the Entire Year with the Kavvanot of the Ari, may his memory be for a blessing in the life of the world to come [Seder Tefillah mi-Kol ha-Shanah im Kavvanot ha-Ari, z.l.l.h.h. ], annotated and critically edited by our master the R. Shabbetai of Vad Rashkov, Korets 5554 (1794).

Order of Prayers for the Entire Year According to the Ashkenazi Custom, With Ten Precious Commentaries by the Holy Great Ones of the Land [Seder Tefillot al Kol ha-Shanah ke-Minhag Ashkenaz im 10 Peirushum Yeqarim mi-Qedoshei Gedolei Aretz ], Warsaw 5694 (1934).

Path of Your Commandments [Netiv Mizvotekha], Isaac Judah Saffrin, Lvov 5618 (1858).

Pillar of Service [Amud ha-Avodah], Barukh of Kosov, Chernovtsy 5623 (1863).

“Pirqei ha-Ne’ezar” Commentary on the Laws of Slaughter and Inspection Understood Simply, Homiletically, Allusively, and Mystically [Pirqei ha-Ne’ezar al Hilkhot Shehitot u-Bediqot be-Derekh Pardes], Eliezer the Slaughterer and Inspector of Zhitomir, Lublin 5646 (1886).

Pleasantness of Elimelekh [No`am Elimelekh], Elimelekh of Lozansky, Lvov 5548 (1788); Polonnoye 5564 (1804).

Pleasantness of Sweets and Honor of the Torah [No`am Megadim u-Khevod ha-Torah], Eliezer ha-Levi Horowitz, Lemberg 5567 (1807).

Praises of Israel [Tehillot Yisra’el], commentary on the Book of Psalms, Israel of Kozienice, Lodz 5683 (1923) [publication place lacking, 5621 (1861)].

Preacher of Righteousness [Maggid Mesharim], Joseph Karo, trans. and ed. Yehiel Abraham Bar-Lev, Petah Tiqvah 5750 (1990) [Lublin 5406 (1646)].

Precious Gleanings [Liqqutim Yeqarim], Lemberg 5552 (1792); Mezirov 5554 (1794); Zolkow 5560 (1800) (printed from a ms. formerly in the possession of Meshullam Feibush Heller).

Precious Gleanings and Honest Words of Truthand Faith [Liqqutim Yeqarim ve-Yosher Divrei Emet], Meshullam Feibush Heller, ed. Abraham Isaac Kahn, Jerusalem 5734 (1974) [Lemberg 5552 (1792)].

Pupil of My Eye [Bat Eini], Issakhar Ber of Zolochev, Dubno 5558 (1798).

Purification of the Service [Mizraf ha-Avodah], Jacob Bacharach, Koenigsburg 5618 (1858).

Record of Great Men, complete edition[Shem ha-Gedolim ha-Shalem], vol. 1, Hayyim Joseph David Azulai, Podgorze-near-Krakow 5665 (1905).

Record of Great Men, complete edition[Shem ha-Gedolim ha-Shalem], vol. 2, Hayyim Joseph David Azulai, Pyetrikov 5690 (1930).

Record of the Council of the Four Lands [PinqasVa`ad Arba` Arazot], a collection of rules, transcripts, and records arranged and explained by Israel Hailperin, Jerusalem 5705 (1945).

Mishneh Torah, Sefer Ahavah, Moses Maimonides, commentary by Samuel Tanhum Rubinstein, Jerusalem 5722 (1962).

Mishneh Torah (The Code of Maimonides), Moses Maimonides, ‘The Book of Love’ (Book 2), trans. by Menahem Kellner, vol. 32, New Haven 2004. (English)

Mishneh Torah, Sefer Shofetim, Moses Maimonides, commentary by Samuel Tanhum Rubinstein, Jerusalem 5718 (1958).

Mishneh Torah (The Code of Maimonides), Moses Maimonides, ‘The Book of Judges’ (Book 14), trans. by Abraham M. Hershman, vol. 3, New Haven 1949. (English)

Repairs of the Zohar [Sefer Tiqqunei ha-Zohar], Korets 5540 (1780).

Sabbath Prayer Book [Sidduro shel Shabbat], Hayyim Tirrer, Mohluv 5573 (1813).

Sanctity of Levi, complete edition[Qedushat Levi ha-Shalem], Levi Isaac of Berdichev, ed. Ze’ev Derbrimdiker, Jerusalem 5738 (1978) [Slovita 5558 (1798)].

Sayings of Pinhas, complete edition[Imrei Pinhas ha-Shalem], Pinhas of Korets, Benei-Beraq 5748 (1988).

Shield of the Patriarchs - commentary on Tractate Avot [Magen Avot al Avot], Simeon b. Zemah Duran, Leipzig 5615 (1855) [Livorno 5522 (1762)].

Shoot of David [Zemah David], David b. Zevi Elimelekh of Dinuv, Peremyshlyany 5639 (1879).

Sparks of Fire [Rishfei Esh], Mordecai of Nesukhoyezhe, In Book of Rav Yeivi, Brody 5634 (1874) [Ostrog 5568 (1808)].

Spring of Living Water [Be’er Mayim Hayyim], Hayyim Tirrer, Sidlikov 5580 (1820).

Streets of the River, The Book of Might and Power [Rehovot ha-Nahar, Sefer ha-Iliyut ve-ha-Koah ], Uri Zevi Greenberg, Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv 5711 (1951).

Tablets of Testimony [Luhot Eidut], Jonathan Eibeschutz, Altona 5515 (1755).

Teaching of the Pious [Mishnat Hasidim], Immanuel Hai Ricchi, Lemberg 5638 (1878) [Amsterdam 5487 (1727)].

Testament of R. Israel Ba`al Shem [Zava’at ha-Ribash], publication place lacking, 5553 (1793); publication place lacking, 5554 (1794) (printed from a ms. formerly in the possession of Isaiah of Yanuv).

Testament of R. Israel Ba`al Shem [Tzava’at HaRivash],trans. with introduction, notes and commentary by Jacob Immanuel, Brooklyn 1998. (English)

The Apocryphal New Testament, a Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature, trans. by James Keith Elliott, Oxford 1993. (English)

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, ed. Frank Leslie Cross and Elizabeth Anne Livingstone, Oxford 1997 [1957]. (English)

This Is a Remembrance [Zot Zikkaron], Jacob Isaac ha-Levi Horowitz, Munkacz 5702 (1942) [Lemberg 5611 (1851)].

Torah Commentaries by R. Levi Gersonides [Peirushei ha-Torah le-Rabbenu Levi b. Gershom (Ralbag)], vol. 1, ed. Jacob Leib Levi, Jerusalem 5752 (1992).

Torah Commentaries by R. Moses Nahmanides [Peirushei ha-Torah le-Rabbenu Moshe b. Nahman (Ramban)], vol. 1, ed. Hayyim Dov Chavel, Jerusalem 5719 (1959).

Torah Commentaries by R. Moses Nahmanides [Peirushei ha-Torah le-Rabbenu Moshe b. Nahman (Ramban)], trans. by Charles B. Chavel, New York 1971-76 (English)

Tractate Avot With the commentary Fruit of Life [ Masekhet Avot im Peri Hayyim], Abraham Hayyim of Zolochev, Lvov 5633 (1873).

Treasury of Wisdom, [Ozar Hokhmah],vol. 1, ed. Joseph Kohen Zedeq, Lvov 5620 (1860).

Tree of Life [EzHayyim], Hayyim Vital, In Collected Writings of the Ari, may his memory be for a blessing [Kol Kitvei ha-Ari z.l], vol. 1, Jerusalem 5748 (1988) [Korets 5542 (1782)].

Tree of Life [EzHayyim], Hayyim Vital, Korets 5542 (1782); Korets 5544 (1784); Korets 5545 (1785).

Two Tablets of the Covenant, complete edition[Shenei Luhot ha-Berit ha-Shalem], Isaiah Horowitz, Jerusalem 5753 (1993) [Amsterdam 5409 (1649)].

Uprightness of the Heart [Yosher Levav], Immanuel Hai Ricchi, Jerusalem 5733 (1973) [Amsterdam 5502 (1742)].

Way to Life [Orah le-Hayyim], Abraham Hayyim of Zolochev, Berdichev 5577 (1817).

Ways of Pleasantness [Darkhei No`am], Samuel b. Eliezer of Klovrio, Koenigsburg 5524 (1764).

Ways of Righteousness [Darkhei Zedeq], Zechariah Mendel of Yaroslav, Lvov 5556 (1796).

Ways of the Just [Darkhei Yesharim], Zhitomir 5565 (1805) (attributed to R. Menahem Mendel of Peremyshlyany).

Word of Solomon [Dibrat Shelomo], Solomon Lutsker, Zolkow 5608 (1848).

Words of Moses [Divrei Moshe], Moses Shoham of Dolina, publication place lacking, 5561 (1801).

Words of Truth [Divrei Emet], Jacob Isaac ha-Levi Horowitz, Munkacz 5702 (1942) [Zolkow 5568 (1808)].

Zohar [Book of Splendor], Korets 5538 (1778).

Zohar of Gershom Scholem [Zohar shel Gershom Scholem], with his handwritten annotations and an introduction by Yehuda Liebes, Jerusalem 5752 (1992).

Zohar with the Commentary of “the Ladder” [Zohar im Peirush ha-Sulam], Jerusalem 5713 (1953).

Secondary Sources in Hebrew

Except for items noted as being in Yiddish, all the titles of the Hebrew sources are translated into English, and they are alphabetized in English by transliterated author’s name. When an English translation exists, its details are specified in round brackets after the details of the original Hebrew.

Alfasi, Isaac. 1969. Hasidism: Historical and Analytical Studies. Tel-Aviv.

-------. 1986. Encyclopedia of Hasidism: Personalities (І-ІX). Jerusalem.

-------. 1997. The Unique One of the Generations: The Life of Our Master R. Israel Ba`al Shem Tov, Founder of the Hasidic Movement: His Descendants, Disciples, and Others Influenced by Him. Tel-Aviv.

Altshuler, Mor. 1994. “Kevutzat Ya'akov: Between Biography and Hagiography.” In Proceedings of the Eleventh World Congress of Jewish Studies, sec. 3, vol. 2, pp. 153-160. Jerusalem.

-------. 1995. Rabbi Meshullam Feibush Heller and His Place in Early Hasidism. Doctoral dissertation, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Amir, Abraham. 1990. “R. Joshua b. Levi and His Relationships with Elijah, Simeon bar Yohai and Satan.” In Proceedings of the Tenth World Congress of Jewish Studies, sec. 3, vol. 1, pp. 141-146. Jerusalem.

Assaf, David. 1992. Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin and His Role in the History of the Hasidic Movement in the First Half of the 19th Century. Doctoral dissertation, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

-------. 1993. “Review: David Assaf / Yesod ha-Ma’ala: A new Chapter in the Historiography of Hasidism in Eretz IsraelQatedra 68: 57-66.

-------. 1996. “‘The Rumor was Spread that the Messiah has Alraedy Come’: New Light on the Aliyah of Hasidim in the Year 1777.”Zion 61: 319-346.

-------. 1997. The Regal Way, the Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem.(English: California 2002)

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